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States take steps to entice minority marijuana entrepreneurs

The Columbian / Associated Press

Some states that have legalized marijuana are encouraging minorities to enter the growing cannabis industry after years of drug enforcement that had a disproportionate effect on black and Hispanic communities. A look at some of the efforts nationwide:

WASHINGTON

Recreational pot was legalized in Washington in 2012. The state has nearly 500 licensed retail stores.

Nearly 3 percent of retail license holders are African-American in a state where black people are 3.5 percent of the population . In 2015, African-Americans made up 11 percent of marijuana arrests.

Brian Smith, spokesman for the Washington State Liquor and Cannabis Board, said the board is interested in diversifying licensees and may use targeted outreach to ethnic communities if they decide to license more people in the future.

——

CALIFORNIA

California voters legalized recreational marijuana in November. The first retail sales are expected in January.

Oakland officials approved a program that initially sets aside half of the city’s marijuana licenses for low-income residents who have been convicted of a cannabis crime or who live in a specified neighborhood where drug enforcement has been intense. Advocates are urging similar programs statewide, including in San Francisco and Los Angeles.

African-Americans made up 5.6 percent of the state but 16 percent of marijuana arrests in 2015, according to an AP analysis of statistics collected by the FBI.

——

COLORADO

The first state to legalize marijuana for recreational use does not track industry demographics. A spokesman for the Denver department that oversees marijuana policy, Daniel Rowland, said individual businesses have programs to employ minorities, but nothing is mandated by the city.

A report by the Colorado Public Safety Department found that arrest rates for African-American and Latino juveniles increased after legalization, while the rate for white juveniles went down.

African-Americans made up nearly 4 percent of the Colorado population in 2015 and 11 percent of arrests.

——

FLORIDA

Florida lawmakers passed a bill last year to address issues that arose with the state’s 2014 medical marijuana law, including provisions to favor black farmers.

The provisions ensure that once the state’s medical marijuana patient registry reaches 250,000, three additional cultivation licenses will be made available, with one of them designated for a member of the Florida Black Farmers and Agriculturists Association.

Black farmers in Florida were among thousands across the country who sued the U.S. Department of Agriculture for racial discrimination, saying they had been unfairly denied government loans and subsidies in the 1980s and 1990s. The case ended with an historic settlement in 1999.

——

MARYLAND

The state’s rollout of medical marijuana has been marred by lawsuits filed by groups that were not among the 15 chosen by the state for cultivation licenses. None of the 15 was minority-owned, despite language in the law that requires regulators to seek “racial, ethnic and geographical diversity” in the awarding of licenses.

The General Assembly ended its legislative session last month without acting on a bill designed to create diversity by allowing up to seven more licenses to grow marijuana, with two going to companies that are suing the state and five others for minority-owned companies after a disparity study is conducted. The Legislature’s Black Caucus has called for a special session to consider the bill.

Minority groups comprise about 48 percent of Maryland’s population, including nearly 30 percent African-American. Blacks made up roughly 57 percent of cannabis arrests in 2015.

——

MASSACHUSETTS

The 2016 ballot question that legalized recreational marijuana included language to encourage participation in the cannabis industry by people who were “disproportionately harmed” by enforcement of marijuana laws in the past. The law does not exclude people with past marijuana convictions from applying for a retail license or working in a cannabis business.

Boston City Council member Ayanna Pressley has drafted proposed legislation that would direct 20 percent of unexpended revenue from state and local marijuana taxes toward programs to assure racial equity, including efforts to reduce financial barriers to ownership of businesses.

In 2015, African-Americans made up nearly 7 percent of the state’s population but 34 percent of cannabis arrests.

——

OHIO

The state’s 2016 medical marijuana law included some licenses set aside for minority businesses, but it’s questionable whether that provision would stand in court.

The benchmarks require at least 15 percent of Ohio’s marijuana-related licenses to go to the businesses of one of four economically disadvantaged minority groups — blacks, Hispanics, Asians or Native Americans — so long as an adequate number apply.

Legal experts have questioned whether the racial-preference provision would stand up in court, though no legal challenge has been filed to date.

African-Americans made up 12 percent of the state’s population in 2015, but 35 percent of arrests.

——

PENNSYLVANIA

Lawmakers passed a medical marijuana law in 2016, and subsequent regulations written by the Pennsylvania Department of Health included policies to ensure that medical cannabis organizations “foster participation of diverse groups in all aspects of their operations.”

Specifically, the rules require that applicants for cultivation and dispensing permits include in their initial applications a diversity plan that spells out how they will achieve racial equity through ownership, employment and contracting.

The agency is also required to make special efforts to help minorities learn how to apply for cultivation and dispensing permits. At least four predominantly minority groups have applied for medical marijuana permits, according to Philadelphia City Councilman Derek Green.

African-Americans were nearly 11 percent of the state in 2015 and made up 35 percent of arrests.

——

WEST VIRGINIA

The state in April became the 29th in the U.S. to approve of marijuana use for certain medical conditions. The new law includes a provision requiring state regulators to seek ways of encouraging minority-owned businesses to apply for growing licenses.

African Americans were nearly 4 percent of the state in 2015 and made up 19 percent of arrests.

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Published at Wed, 31 May 2017 18:05:16 +0000

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Amazing Facts About Your Endocannabinoid System

Amazing Facts About Your Endocannabinoid System

ecs system

If you have always wondered how exactly cannabis works to treat so many illnesses in the human body, the answer lies in the endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system is a network of receptors found throughout the body including all the organs, the skin, bones, and even in connective tissues. In fact, it’s where you’ll find the most protein receptors in the brain. No matter where in the body the endocannabinoid system has one goal to perform in each tissue: restore the state of homeostasis, which means that the body is in a stable internal environment. Cannabis works so well in the human body because the cannabinoids in the plant latch onto the CB receptors to create a neurotransmission process that helps your body heal.

The endocannabinoid system plays an important role in processes that include appetite, inflammation, mood regulation, pain perception, bone growth, stress management, eye pressure, tumor regulation, extinction of traumatic memory, protection of nerves and brain tissue, gastrointestinal motility, and so much more.

One of the reasons why we get sick is because of the lack of endocannabinoids in the system, which is called an endocannabinoid deficiency. Using cannabis helps boost the endocannabinoid system, thereby aiding in healing.

CANNABIS FARM

Here are some amazing facts about the endocannabinoid system:

  1. The endocannabinoid system was discovered by Dr. Ralph Mechoulam, an Israeli researcher, in the mid-1990’s. He is the same doctor who also identified THC as the primary ingredient in cannabis during the early 60’s. It’s no surprise that he comes from Israel, one of the most progressive nations today for cannabis legalization and research. In fact, Israel is known for having advanced medical cannabis programs unparalleled by any other country in the world.


  2. Even though governments have been fully aware of the existence of the endocannabinoid system and its relation to cannabis, they’ve imposed severe limitations on cannabis research as well as legal access to the plant. Back in 2014, the US government was responsible for putting 700,000 in jail just for cannabis, despite being aware of the health benefits of the plant and its impact on the endocannabinoid system.

  3. Consuming cannabis is the best way to address an endocannabinoid deficiency. However, there have been attempts to stimulate the endocannabinoid system using synthetic forms of cannabinoids, such as Marinol, a pharmaceutical drug. There are patients who have benefited from Marinol although in others it produces unwanted side effects including a feeling of getting high, nausea, stomach pain, confusion, anxiety, and mood disorders.

  4. Consuming too much cannabis may interfere with how the endocannabinoid system. After all, it’s all about achieving a sense of balance; too much or too little cannabinoids can have different unwanted effects. Due to the biphasic nature of cannabinoids, this means that if you take cannabis to help with anxiety it can be beneficial but taking too much can make it worse. Additionally, heavy cannabis users can also experience an increased tolerance even in a short amount of time, which translates to having to consume more cannabis to achieve the desird effects.

  5. If you’ve only heard about the endocannabinoid system now, or just in the last few years, this is because medical schools have chosen not to discuss it. But with more states legalizing cannabis use, proper education about cannabis is now becoming more available. There are schools that have curriculums designed specifically to discuss cannabis, and the first medical cannabis textbook already exists.

  6. Many animals also have an endocannabinoid system, except some insects. This is also the reason why there have been several successful studies of cannabis and its impact on animal health.

  7. Since the endocannabinoid system is at a cellular level, it isn’t visible to the human eye. The cannabinoid receptors are protein-based and are located on the surface of the cells found throughout the body.

  8. Cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system in different ways. Some cannabinoids are antagonists, which also means that they activate various CB receptors. Other cannabinoids act as antagonists, which deactivates these receptors. When the endocannabinoid system has a deficiency, a balanced intake of cannabinoids will be effective in supplementing the system to restore it back to health.

The endocannabinoid system has complex actions in all our vital systems and organs. It’s a gap that bridges both the body and the mind, and better understanding of the system is critical in the promoting legalization and access to cannabis.

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Published at Sun, 04 Jun 2017 05:00:00 +0000

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Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board Appointed!

Michigan Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board Appointed!

Today, Gov. Rick Snyder appointed the five members of the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Board. Under the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act, the Board is responsible for working with the State’s Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (within which the Board is housed) to promulgate the rules that will govern the medical marijuana industry in Michigan. Beginning this December, the Board will start accepting license applications, and will then oversee the licensing and regulation of industry participants. Governor Snyder’s press release follows:


Gov. Rick Snyder makes initial appointments to the Medical Marihuana Licensing Board

Friday, May 26, 2017

LANSING, Mich. – Gov. Rick Snyder today announced the initial appointments to the Medical Marihuana Licensing Board established by the Medical Marihuana Facilities Licensing Act.

Housed within the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, the five-member board was created to implement the system of licensing and regulation established under the act for marihuana growth, processing, testing, transporting and provisioning.

“This board will help provide the proper oversight of medical marihuana facilities to keep the public safe by ensuring proper health and safety standards are being met,” Snyder said.

Member with term expiring Dec. 31, 2018:

Nichole Cover of Mattawan is a licensed pharmacist and healthcare supervisor for Walgreens. She currently serves as chair of the Michigan Board of Pharmacy and previously served as the Board’s representative on the Controlled Substance Advisory Commission. Cover holds a bachelor’s degree in pharmacy from Ohio Northern University. She will represent Independents.

Members with terms expiring Dec. 31, 2019:

Serving as the nominee of the Senate Majority Leader is Rick Johnson of LeRoy, who also will serve as chair. He manages Common Cents Farm in LeRoy. Johnson was a state representative from 1998–2004, serving his last four years as Speaker of the House. Johnson holds an honorary doctorate of public service from Ferris State University. He will represent Republicans.

Serving as the nominee of the Speaker of the House is David LaMontaine of Monroe.  He is a business agent and executive board member for the Police Officers’ Association of Michigan. LaMontaine previously served in the United States Marine Corps, as a police officer in Hamtramck, and as a hostage negotiator and detective for the Monroe County Sheriff’s Office. LaMontaine studied employment and labor relations at Wayne State University. He will represent Republicans.

Members with terms expiring Dec. 31, 2020:

Donald Bailey of Traverse City recently retired as a sergeant for the Michigan State Police with 36 years of law enforcement and investigative experience. Bailey holds a bachelor’s degree in criminal justice from Eastern Michigan University, attended the Drug Enforcement Agency’s Drug Unit Commanders Academy, and received a certificate from the Northwestern University Center for Public Safety in Police Management, Staff, and Command. He will represent Republicans.

Vivian Pickard of Bloomfield Hills is the president and CEO of The Pickard Group consulting firm. She recently retired as director of public policy for General Motors and served six years as president of the General Motors Foundation, during which she managed all the company’s U.S. philanthropic donations. Pickard holds a bachelor’s degree in human services management from Ferris State University and a master’s degree in business administration from Central Michigan University. She will represent Independents.

After this round of initial appointments, subsequent members will serve four-year terms.


For further updates on the rulemaking process and development of Michigan’s industry, check back here with Dykema’s Cannabis Law Blog.

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Published at Thu, 25 May 2017 16:00:00 +0000

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It took the Trump Administration just a month to turn Obama-era drug policy on its head

My third son, William, was born on April 28. I’ve spent the past month or so getting to know him (thanks, Washington Post’s generous parental leave policy!), and not paying much attention to federal drug policy.

As it turns out I missed quite a bit. In the month of May alone, the Trump administration, particularly Attorney General Jeff Sessions’ Justice Department, steadily ratcheted up its tough-on-crime rhetoric and put in place some policies that give that rhetoric some real-world bite.

You may have missed them too, as many of the decisions were made with little fanfare, and all of them came amid a steady string of revelations about Russia, Paris, Comey, Kushner and even covfefe. Here’s a recap of everything that happened while I was out changing diapers.

Mandatory minimums are back

The big news last month was a memo from Sessions directing federal prosecutors to pursue the most severe penalties possible for any crime, including drug offenses. That means more mandatory minimum sentences for federal drug crimes, a policy that the Justice Department administration had backed away from under President Barack Obama.

In the latter years of the Obama administration, Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. had instructed federal prosecutors to seek less severe prison sentences for certain nonviolent drug offenders. Sessions’s directive reverses that policy.

The net effect of the change is that more people will be going to federal prison, reversing a decline in the federal prison population in recent years. Sessions laid the groundwork for this in February when he directed the Justice Department to start using private prisons again to “meet the future needs of the federal correctional system.”

Sessions defended the move as a “key part of President Trump’s promise to keep America safe,” citing a recent uptick in homicides in some cities.

But the best available research suggests that harsh prison sentences do little to deter crime. Sessions’ own Justice Department, citing decades of research, states that “sending an individual convicted of a crime to prison isn’t a very effective way to deter crime” and that “increasing the severity of punishment does little to deter crime.”

Indeed, imprisonment often has the opposite effect, according to the DOJ’s research division: “Inmates learn more effective crime strategies from each other, and time spent in prison may desensitize many to the threat of future imprisonment.”

A drug war hardliner is reevaluating federal marijuana policy

One of the key architects of Sessions’ sentencing memo was Steven Cook, a former federal prosecutor and a lifelong hard-liner on criminal justice issues. Cook is now considering changes to policies governing marijuana and civil asset forfeiture, according to the Associated Press.

While Cook didn’t give away any details of his agenda, he told the AP that “when you put criminals in prison, crime goes down.” As noted by the Justice Department research above, Cook’s formulation is simplistic and largely inaccurate.

“Steve Cook thinks that everyone who commits a crime ought to be locked up in jail,” said Bill Killian, a former U.S. attorney who worked with Cook in the past.

Marijuana use remains a crime at the federal level, regardless of what state regulations say. The Obama administration chose to largely ignore state-level legalization efforts. If Cook intends to reverse that approach, even partially, it could prove disastrous for the country’s $6.7 billion legal marijuana industry – to say nothing of the 33 million adults who use the drug.

Trump signals possible trouble ahead for medical marijuana

For several years now, the Justice Department has been prevented from aggressively targeting medical marijuana operations in states where they’re legal due to a provision, known as the Rohrabacher-Farr amendment, included in omnibus spending bills. The amendment simply states that the Justice Department cannot use federal funds to interfere with the operation of medical marijuana programs in places where they’re legal.

That provision was recently renewed through Sept. 30. But in signing the spending bill it was attached to, Trump added a twist: a signing statement indicating he would “treat this provision consistently with my constitutional responsibility to take care that the laws be faithfully executed.”

Prior presidents have used such statements to ignore or undermine policies they disagreed with. If Trump were to do so on medical marijuana, it could set up an awkward showdown with one of his staunchest allies in Congress: Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-Calif.), co-author of the amendment.

For his part, Rohrabacher doesn’t think that will happen: “It would be a huge waste of his time and money, and why would he do that?” he told the Orange County Register last month.

The DEA continues to wage war on marijuana, regardless of what the research says

At a speech at the Cleveland Clinic last week, Drug Enforcement Administration acting chief Chuck Rosenberg reiterated his belief that “marijuana is not medicine.” This flies in the face of decades of research into the effects of marijuana use, most recently outlined in a massive report by the National Academies of Sciences, Medicine and Engineering.

Rosenberg said that any potential medical application of marijuana should be approved by the Food and Drug Administration. But such approval is nearly impossible to obtain because of the drug’s strict regulation under federal law, creating a Catch-22: Marijuana is tightly regulated because it has no accepted medical use, and it has no accepted medical use because it’s so tightly regulated.

A rhetorical escalation

In the past month, leading law enforcement figures have been deploying some of the apocalyptic anti-drug rhetoric that characterized much of federal drug policy in the ’80s and ’90s. Deputy Attorney General Rod J. Rosenstein recently gave a chest-thumping speech before DEA employees, calling them “warriors of freedom” who were fighting an epidemic that is laying waste to society. Demand for illegal drugs is creating “a cycle of death and despair,” he added.

Sessions, meanwhile, has been attempting to tie drug use with the rise of violent crime in some cities. “We know that drugs and crime go hand-in-hand,” he said recently. “Drug trafficking is an inherently violent business. If you want to collect a drug debt, you can’t file a lawsuit in court. You collect it by the barrel of a gun.”

At another speech in West Virginia, Sessions warned of opiate-dependent babies who “scream inconsolably and suffer from tremors, vomiting and seizures” and who are “at risk for developmental and health problems throughout the rest of their lives.” The language echoes the early ’90s panic over “crack babies” that turned out to be largely unsubstantiated.

Trump admires a dictator’s brutal anti-drug crusade

Philippines President Rodrigo Duterte has encouraged his constituents to kill drug addicts and has overseen a bloody anti-drug crusade that’s resulted in thousands of deaths at the hands of law enforcement officers and groups operating extrajudicially.

In late April, Trump called Duterte to praise his drug war and invite him to the White House.

“I just wanted to congratulate you because I am hearing of the unbelievable job on the drug problem. Many countries have the problem, we have a problem, but what a great job you are doing and I just wanted to call and tell you that,” Trump said.

Trump’s budget proposes deep cuts to addiction treatment

Medicaid provides coverage for substance abuse treatment for roughly one-third of all Americans dependent on opioid drugs.

Trump’s budget would cut Medicaid nearly in half by 2020, jeopardizing substance abuse coverage for the roughly 2.3 million opiate-dependent people who use it.

That change is of a piece with the administration’s general views on drug use – a crime to be policed and punished, rather than a public health problem.

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Published at Fri, 02 Jun 2017 17:36:21 +0000

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The Ultimate Vape Guide

By TheVape.Guide

Introducing The Vape Guide

We are a small group of avid Vapers that came together to guide users when buying a new vaporizer and reduce the guesses you have to make when searching for the best vaporizer for your needs. Together with every review, you will find our recommendations on where to purchase from, and the best deals including coupon codes when available. Our readers usually get 10% off from most major brands.

There is an abundance of Vapes and brands out there, and zeroing in on the perfect device may be overwhelming. We have years of experience, tested hundreds of Vaporizers, and did all the research so you can make the smart choice. If you purchase through our links, we get a small commission which we roll back into maintaining this website and continue doing what we love- VAPE and write honest and unbiased reviews. If you click on our links- you are awesome and we greatly appreciate that!

The vaping community has grown immensely over the past few years. Since 2008, the number of vaporizer shops popping up around the country has increased, and sales have reached to $3.5 billion. It is expected that in another ten years, use of e-cigarettes and vaporizers in the United States will surpass the use of cigarettes, explains the popular periodical, Business Insider.

There are many smokers deciding to make the switch to vaping, but what is vaping exactly? What are the different types of vaporizers? What are the benefits of vaping compared to smoking?

To answer all your questions, I am giving you an in-depth guide to getting started in the vaping community.

“…to inhale vapor through the mouth from a usually battery-operated electronic device (such as an electronic cigarette) that heats up and vaporizes a liquid or solid”

-Merriam-Webster.

Vapor from a vaporizer

Recent studies suggest that vaping is a safer, healthier alternative to tobacco smoking. Instead of lighting up a traditional tobacco cigarette, you can still get the same nicotine high from vaping. This means avoiding the side-effects and health risks that accompany smoking – as well as the stigma. When you smoke a cigarette, you exhale smoke that not only smells terrible but it leaves a stench on your clothes, your breath and even others around you (secondhand smoke).

With vaping, there is only vapor (or water vapor) that is emitted. Not only does it dissipate faster than cigarette smoke but it also smells better due to the use of flavored e-liquids. Instead of wasting money on buying pack after pack of cigarettes, you can invest in an electronic device that you can refill and recharge, saving you money…and years!

Vaping doesn’t just apply to e-cigarettes. You can also vape using cannabis products as well such as dry herb, wax, and oils.

The Vape Guide: How Vaporizers Work

Before we cover how vaporizers work, let’s quickly define what exactly a vaporizer is. A vaporizer is a device that delivers the benefits of either dry herbs or concentrates.

So, now that you know what a vaporizer is, your next question is most likely, “well, how does it work?” A vaporizer heats up dry herbs and concentrates to the ideal temperature – one that is high enough in which vaporization occurs, but low enough that combustion does not occur.

Conduction

Conduction requires that dry herb or concentrate comes into direct contact with the heating device.

This achieves fast vaporization, and some users feel that this method creates a more flavorful vapor.

vape guide

Convection

Convection heats up material by letting hot air pass in and around the substance from the heating chamber. The benefit of using conduction vaporizers is that it allows  more control over temperature and can instantly adjust with the press of a button.

FireFly 2 Vape

The Vape Guide: Vaping History

Most people believe that vaping was only recently established in the 1960s. However, it has been proven that the art of vaping originated in Egypt in the 5th century B.C. Herodotus, who was known as the “Father of History” recorded his encounters with inhaling cannabis vapors in his book, “The History of Herodotus.” At the time, he resided in an area known as Scythia where they would throw weed onto hot stones which would vaporize and then they would bathe in it and inhale it.

There is much speculation surrounding who truly invented the first electronic cigarette, but the one who filed a patent on the first e-cig was Joseph Robinson in 1927. While it was never commercially manufactured, Robinson still owns the patents for the first mechanical butane ignition vaporizer used for nicotine.

The electronic cigarette made a stunning comeback later in the 1960s by Herbert A. Gilbert. A Korean veteran, his blueprints are the basis for other modern-day vaporizers. He currently works for Emperor E-Cigarettes.

Between 1990 to 1994, Bill Amato (Eagle Bill) became well known for making cannabis vaporizers attractive. He advocated these vaporizers as a safe alternative to smoking. He has his exhibit in the Sensi Seed Bank’s ‘Hash Museum’ located in Amsterdam, and is credited with inventing the “Shake and Vape” vaporizer which consists of a pipe with a glass bowl where you would place your herbs and then heat up the bottom of the bowl.

1500 years after the first use of “vaping” came the birth of the hookah in present-day Afghanistan.

Irfan Shiekh from the Mogul’s Safavid Dynasty invented this waterpipe and then introduced it to India.

vaping faqs

Vaping Culture

For many, vaping is not just a hobby or activity. It is a way of life, and there is a vast subculture and fan base for the vaping community. Vaping has taken root with manufacturers selling sponsored gear, bars and online forums specializing in offering a vape-friendly environment, and even a whole sport just for vaping. A sport for vapers? Yep. The vaping world has their competitive sport known as cloud chasing!

Cloud chasing is a competitive sport where vapers (read: cloud chasers) attempt to create the biggest, thickest cloud of vapor possible. Competitors take long, deep draws and then release the vapor. Cloud chasing has become so popular that it has even reached a professional athletic level. Fans who spectate are referred to as cloud gazers.

There are also some vaping enthusiasts that attempt to do tricks with vapor. There are thousands of videos on social media and Youtube of these vapers blowing dense clouds and creating shapes in the air with vapor.

Vaping has spawned the creation of communities for vaping enthusiasts and people who have picked up vaping as a means of quitting tobacco smoking. There is much support for these communities.

The main goal of cloud chasing is to create the thickest cloud possible.
Cloud chasers create this effect by custom modifying their vaporizers.

Cloud Chasing from vaporizer

The Vape Guide: Vaping Legally

This question shouldn’t be all too surprising. Using a vaporizer can resemble smoking a cigarette and can cause someone to ask where they are allowed to vape. Nowadays, cigarette/cigar smoking has been banned from almost anywhere except a few places. Some places do allow vaping, but however, most places do not permit it.

The government and the FDA are attempting to apply their regulations about vaping, however, vaping is considered more socially acceptable than cigarette smoking and is allowed in more places. Each city and county have their vaping rules so do your research if you are unsure. As long as you respect the people around you when you vape and are respectful of the rules, there should be no issues.

Most of these signs have been adapted to reflect the use of vaporizers and e-cigarettes.

If you are unsure, ask any business that you frequent for their policies on vaping – or check the local laws.

No vaping no smoking

The Vape Guide: Different Types of Vaporizers

There are a few various kinds of vaporizers depending on how you want to use it. They have vaporizers for cannabis and vaporizers for those seeking a smoking alternative. There are a variety of vaporizers from table-top, electronic cigarettes (e-cigs), vaporizers that use the dry herb, oil or wax, and vaporizers that use a combination of dry herb and concentrates. Best of all, they have vape mods which are customizable for an optimal vaping experience.

Tabletop vaporizers

These vapes are not exactly ideal for users who only take a couple of draws and are done, instead, they are perfect for group sessions or users who are comfortable tackling a full bowl on their own.

These vaporizers are not ideal on the portability scale due to their large size. However, these vapes usually come with the best technology found in vaporizers. These vapes are on the higher level as far as cost but offer adjustable and more precise temperature control settings. Keep in mind that some herbs and concentrates vaporize at different temperatures which affect vapor flavor. Invest in a good table-top vaporizer which will vaporize the flower at the optimal temperature to deliver you the most flavorful vaping experience.

Volcano Vaporizer

The Volcano vaporizer by far is one ofthe most popular tabletop vaporizers. It’s perfect for users who have a flexible budget and are looking for a table-top vaporizer that gives them an amazing vaping experience. It comes in two different designs – Classic and Digital.

The Volcano vaporizer was first established in 2000 by the Storz & Bickel company in Tuttlingen, Germany. It’s known for creating top-notch vaporizers in both quality, design, and engineering.

It was also one of the first companies to receive an ISO or an International Organization for Standardization manufacturing certification. One of the unique features of the Volcano is that it is compatible with a variety of different vaping methods. You can use the balloon method or whip method depending on the length of session and your preference.

Portable Dry Herb Vaporizers

If you are looking for something smaller and more portable, a portable dry herb vape would be your best option. These vaporizers are perfect for enthusiasts who are always on the go, and while most of them are dry-herb only, there are some that are compatible with both dry herb and concentrate. These vapes function the same way as a table-top vaporizer, with the only difference being that they run on a battery and come in a compact design that is suitable for taking on-the-go.

Unlike desktop vaporizers, portable vapes are limited in their features. While some of the more new vapes have more precise temperature control, there are others that lack these features.

The vapor quality with dry herb vaporizers is one of the purest you can find: flavorful, smooth and dense.

dry herb vaporizer

The Vape Guide: Vape Pens

Vape pens, like dry herb vaporizers, are ideal for users who are looking for something smaller and portable. These vaporizers use concentrates versus flower and are perfect for concentrate enthusiasts who have a low budget but still want an amazing vaping experience.

These vaporizers look just like pens (hence the name “vape pen”) and are very popular because of their inexpensive battery and the oil used is smooth and lasts a long time. While there have been issues with some vape pens concerning battery life and leakage, these occurrences happen rarely. Some vaporizers require you to load your concentrate which is fine if you can’t afford vape pens that use cartridges but it can be tough to achieve the right consistency of oil that would normally be found in cartridge pens.

If you decide to pick up a cartridge-based oil vape pen, note that the oil used can cause different effects compared to other types of cannabis oil. Some describe their experience as focused more on the brain with fewer effects on the body but these experiences vary. Keep in mind that propylene glycol is used to dilute cartridge oils to help mix the oil to the right consistency to vape. If this is a deal breaker, you can always opt for a vape pen that doesn’t use cartridges.

These vapes are very easy to use. You can use your oil, or you have the option of using concentrate that is already sealed in an oil cylinder.

KandyPens All Wax Pens

Vape Mods

Vape Mods are like regular portable vapes but…on steroids…so to speak! These vaporizers are very customizable with the ability to attach additional parts and are usually more powerful and packed with more features than your standard portable vape. Some of these functions include better build quality, touch-screen functionality, shatter-resistant glass, bigger tanks, and more airflow control. These vape mods range in price from cheap to very expensive.

Vape Mods are optimal for those who want to control their vaping experience. Depending on how you customize your mod, you can create vapor that is easy on the throat and provides a rich and flavorful vaping experience, or, for cloud chasing, you can produce a thick vapor that lets you do vape tricks and make huge plumes of vapor.

There are many different types of box mods you can choose from for your vaporizer.

Each box mod is completely customizable.

iJoy RDTA Box Review

The Vape Guide: E-Cigarettes

Electronic cigarettes or e-cigs are probably one of the most common vaporizers in the vaping community. These vaporizers are battery-powered, and their design mimics the feel of smoking a tobacco cigarette. They don’t use tobacco but rather e-liquids which come in a variety of flavors and with or without nicotine. They are relatively easy to use by just pushing a button or taking a draw.

There are many brands of electronic cigarettes out there; some look like cigarettes while others look like vape pens and resemble USB sticks. E-cigs range in price with the weaker, disposable electronic cigarettes being on the cheaper side while the higher-quality ones are at the more expensive end.

One of the hottest e-cigs out right now is the iQOS by Philip Morris.

IQOS Variation

Final Thoughts

Well, there you have it. I hope that after reading this guide, of sorts, that you have a better understanding of what vaping is, what kind of vaporizers exist, and how to use them. Keep in mind that vaporizers are intended for people who want to stop smoking, have already stopped, or simply enjoy using it for cannabis. It is never suggested that if you are underage or if you have never smoked to begin vaping. It is always important to be mindful of the people around who you choose not to vape. Vape responsibly! Enjoy 🙂

About Anthony Martinelli

Anthony, co-founder and Editor-in-Chief of TheJointBlog, has worked closely with numerous elected officials who support cannabis law reform, including as the former Campaign Manager for Washington State Representative Dave Upthegrove. He has also been published by multiple media outlets, including the Seattle Times. He can be reached at TheJointBlog@TheJointBlog.com.

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Published at Fri, 02 Jun 2017 08:18:41 +0000

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Striking the Root of Cannabis Legalization

If we legalize in a free market way, striking the root of cannabis legalization, who is worse off? Civil servants, who must now modify their actions to changing conditions without a stable mandate from above?

What is this — an argument for government bureaucracy?

Everyone will be affected by cannabis legalization. Call it six degrees of separation. Having government mediate risks like an insurance company is a gross mischaracterization of what government is and what it’s capable of accomplishing.

No doubt, cannabis legalization will create unintended consequences across the board. Everyone wins from positive externalities since the market is not a zero-sum game, but, as for negative externalities, we can look to current laws on the books.

From natural health products, intoxicated driving, fraudulent advertising and promotion — there are already rules in place governing human action.

Our tradition is in English common-law. Unlike crackpot dictatorships around the world, Canada is founded on a judicial tradition that builds off the settlement of actual disputes.

Tort law, property law, contract law, commercial law, and criminal law should be enough to regulate cannabis effectively.

Politicians don’t need to be involved in every little thing. They certainly shouldn’t be issuing licenses.

In the western legal tradition, laws were procedural and not preemptively created by politicians. In this way, laws — which restrict human activity — only arose when they were needed.

So, before we “right-wing nuts” are expected to adhere to the idea of the benevolent state, the advocate for Justin’s legalization must account for an unprecedented rise in taxation, bureaucracy, and a ballooning of debts and deficits left for taxpayers, including the young and unborn.

Have we seriously learned no economic or ethical lessons from the statist regimes of the 20th century? Do you really think the problems in America start and stop with Donald Trump? Do you really believe the Liberals are responsible for legalization and therefore should be praised?

Before we can grow sophisticated plants that get us medicated, we must have sufficient capital. To focus on Justin and cannabis is to miss the forest for the trees. We need a functioning free society before we’ll ever see a functional legalization model.

Shame that Anne McLellan thinks cannabis legalization will cost Canadian taxpayers money. She’s right, it will, but it doesn’t have to.

In fact, the free-market liberalization of cannabis-hemp is crucial if the reallocation of our economy toward more environmentally-friendly practices is going to be successful.

Look at Ontario’s example: higher taxes and government control of wind turbines and hydroelectricity is anything but sustainable.

In addition to the freedom to get stoned, cannabis legalization must mean a free hemp industry that replaces petroleum-based goods, deforestation, and other destructive environmental acts. The only way to make that effective is by unleashing entrepreneurs and restraining bureaucrats.

I suggest a shift away from fossil fuels and a murderous post-modernist Marxist philosophy.

To where the contributions of the “Austrian” school of economics, along with their strange but persuasive concept of “praxeology,” are finally recognized for their real-world predictive powers.

Cannabis incorporates all these important themes, and so I find Liberal Legalization to be severely lacking. It is yet another short-sighted blunder in an already failing democratic system.

(Why?)

Published at Wed, 31 May 2017 13:00:24 +0000

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Some states helping cannabiz owners from communities hit hardest by the war on drugs

OAKLAND, Calif. — Andre Shavers was sentenced to five years on felony probation after authorities burst into the house where he was living in one of Oakland’s most heavily policed neighborhoods and found a quarter ounce of marijuana.

Related: Here’s which states offer incentives to support minority cannabis business owners

After the 2007 raid, Shavers couldn’t leave the state without permission. He was subject to police searches at any time. He walked to the corner store one night for maple syrup and came back in a police car. Officers wanted to search his home again.

All the while, cannabis storefronts flourished elsewhere in a state where medical marijuana was authorized in 1996.

Now Oakland and other cities and states with legal pot are trying to make up for the toll marijuana enforcement took on minorities by giving them a better shot at joining the growing marijuana industry. African-Americans made up 83 percent of cannabis arrests in Oakland in the year Shavers was arrested.

“I was kind of robbed of a lot for five years,” Shavers said. “It’s almost like, what do they call that? Reparations. That’s how I look at it. If this is what they’re offering, I’m going to go ahead and use the services.”

The efforts’ supporters say legalization is enriching white people but not brown and black people who have been arrested for cannabis crimes at far greater rates than whites.

Recreational pot is legal in eight states and the nation’s capital. California, Maine, Massachusetts and Nevada approved ballot questions in November. They join Colorado, Washington, Oregon, Alaska and the District of Columbia, which acted earlier. Twenty-nine states permit medical marijuana.

Massachusetts’ ballot initiative was the first to insert specific language encouraging participation in the industry by those “disproportionately harmed by marijuana prohibition and enforcement.” The law does not specify how that would be accomplished.

In Ohio, a 2016 medical pot law included setting aside 15 percent of marijuana-related licenses for minority businesses. In Pennsylvania, applicants for cultivation and dispensing permits must spell out how they will achieve racial equity.

Florida lawmakers agreed last year to reserve one of three future cultivation licenses for a member of the Florida Black Farmers and Agriculturists Association.

There have been setbacks as well. The Maryland General Assembly adjourned last month without acting on a bill to guarantee a place for minority-owned businesses that were not awarded any of the state’s initial 15 medical marijuana cultivation licenses.

There’s no solid data on how many minorities own U.S. cannabis businesses or how many seek a foothold in the industry. But diversity advocates say the industry is overwhelmingly white.

The lack of diversity, they say, can be traced to multiple factors: rules that disqualify people with prior convictions from operating legal cannabis businesses; lack of access to banking services and capital to finance startup costs; and state licensing systems that tend to favor established or politically connected applicants.

“It’s a problem that has been recognized but has proven to be relatively intractable,” said Sam Kamin, a professor at the University of Denver Sturm College of Law who studies marijuana regulation.

In 2010, blacks constituted 14 percent of the U.S. population but made up more than 36 percent of all arrests for pot possession, according to an American Civil Liberties Union study released in 2013 . The report found African-Americans were nearly four times more likely than whites to be arrested for cannabis possession.

That study did not report Latino arrests because the FBI data on which it was based did not track Hispanics. But a 2016 study by the ACLU of California and the Drug Policy Alliance found Latinos were cited at 1.4 times the rate of white people for marijuana infractions in Los Angeles and 1.7 percent the rate in Fresno.

The Minority Cannabis Business Association has drafted model legislation for states considering new or revised marijuana laws, including language to expunge pot-related convictions and to encourage racial and gender diversity among cannabis businesses.

“The people who got locked up should not get locked out of this industry,” said Tito Jackson, a Boston city councilman and mayoral candidate. He suggests Massachusetts give licensing preference to groups that include at least one person with a marijuana conviction.

The Oakland City Council in April voted to set aside half of medical cannabis licenses for people who have been convicted of a marijuana crime or who lived in one of 21 police districts with disproportionately high marijuana arrests. Candidates must meet income restrictions.

Complicating matters is that marijuana remains illegal under federal law — a fact seen as unlikely to change under President Donald Trump. That makes most banks reluctant to lend money to startup cannabis businesses, which often must rely instead on personal wealth.

An Oakland-based nonprofit known as The Hood Incubator provides training and mentoring to minority cannabis entrepreneurs.

“Maybe they lack the money to get into the industry or they might have, you know, gotten arrested in the past for oh, what do you know? Selling weed. And now they can’t actually get into the legal industry,” said Ebele Ifedigbo, one of the group’s three co-founders.

Under Oakland’s program, applicants who don’t qualify for a so-called equity license can still get preference if they “incubate” a minority-owned business with free rent or other help.

Dan Grace, president of Dark Heart Nursery, is nervous about finding a partner but ready to make the program work. Debby Goldsberry, Magnolia Wellness dispensary’s executive director, said the industry is primed to change and expand.

“Why? Because there’s a prohibition that’s been out there targeting people in our communities in Oakland, and it’s very unfair,” she said.

Oakland hosted a business mixer this month that attracted several hundred people, including retirees who have never smoked a joint and people who served time for marijuana offenses and established cannabis businesses.

That group included Shavers, who hopes his drug-related record helps him get office space and investors to grow his delivery service, The Medical Strain.

“It’s a blessing in disguise,” he said, “but not the blessing I would recommend.”

Salsberg reported from Boston. Associated Press writers Brian Witte in Annapolis, Maryland, and Julie Carr Smyth in Columbus, Ohio, contributed to this report.

(Why?)

Published at Wed, 31 May 2017 14:03:35 +0000

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ABcann Global and Cannabis Wheaton Grow Napanee

VANCOUVER, BC–(Marketwired – May 29, 2017) – ABcann Global Corporation (TSX VENTURE: ABCN) (formerly Panda Capital Inc.) (“ABcann”) and Cannabis Wheaton Income Corp. (TSX VENTURE: CBW) (“Cannabis Wheaton” or “CW”) are pleased to report that they have entered into a binding interim agreement (the “Agreement“) to fund the construction of 50,000 square feet of cultivation space (the “Expansion Production Area“) at ABcann’s proposed cannabis cultivation facility to be located in Napanee, Ontario known as the Kimmett facility (the “Facility“). Pursuant to the Agreement, Cannabis Wheaton has agreed to invest $30 million in ABcann as follows:

  • on the date that is the earlier of 10 days of the final closing of CW’s previously announced financing or by June 30, 2017, CW will subscribe for $15 million of ABcann common shares (each, an “ABcann Share“) at an agreed upon valuation of $2.25 per ABcann Share; and
  • on the date that is the earlier of 10 days of CW raising an aggregate of $150 million or March 31, 2018, CW will subscribe for an additional $15 million at a price per ABcann Share equal to the greater of two times the 10 day volume average trading price of the ABcann Shares at the relevant time or $2.25.

Upon completion of the $30 million investment, and upon accepting ABcann’s construction budget and timeline for the construction of the Expansion Production Area, Cannabis Wheaton will provide all necessary funding to complete the construction of the Expansion Production Area. This expansion will be in addition to ABcann’s current 100,000 square foot facility that is commencing construction imminently. In return, CW will receive 50% of the proceeds (net of certain costs) of future wholesale or retail sales completed by ABcann with respect to cannabis produced in the Expansion Production Area (the “EPA Allocation“). CW’s entitlement to the EPA Allocation will not begin until after the completion of CW’s $30 million investment.

Chuck Rifici said “This now adds a sixth licence to the Cannabis Wheaton portfolio, and our first publicly traded producer with a sales licence. Over the past three years, I’ve watched ABcann’s involvement and evolution in the Canadian cannabis industry. They are widely recognized for their proprietary cultivation methods that produce high quality cannabis with industry leading yields. It’s clear to us that they had their pick of funding sources, so it’s an honour to make this announcement today.

This partnership will bring to ABcann the support and funds necessary to break ground on the Kimmett site. Once construction is complete, the additional cultivation space will provide Cannabis Wheaton with an estimated 8,000,000 grams of cannabis per year.”

“This Partnership is a great opportunity for both ABcann and Cannabis Wheaton. ABcann significantly enhances its cash position through the equity investment, providing ABcann with the capital to construct up to 180,000 square feet of fully funded capacity.” said Aaron Keay, CEO of ABcann.

The Agreement remains subject to certain conditions precedent, including receipt by ABcann of applicable Health Canada and other regulatory approvals and the ability of the parties to agree on future construction budgets and timelines.

ON BEHALF OF THE BOARD

Chuck Rifici

Chairman & CEO

About ABcann Global Corporation (TSX VENTURE: ABCN)

ABcann was one of the first companies to obtain a production license under the marijuana for medical purposes regulations, which it received on March 21, 2014. It also obtained a sales licence on Dec. 31, 2015. Situated in Napanee, Ont., ABcann has spent the last two years focused on changing the face of medical cannabis. ABcann intends to be the first company to have repeatable products in multiple continents and to provide standardized medical cannabis to the world. Its flagship facility contains proprietary plant-growing technology, combining the concepts, systems and components to produce high-yielding plants, which, in turn, can generate high-quality products that are consistent from batch to batch.

ABcann grows its plants in controlled environmental chambers, where every key variable in the growing process is optimized to achieve the consistency that is needed for a standardized product. ABcann is able to control environmental and nutrient demands, tailor-made for a particular strain of cannabis, without the variation that is typical when producing large quantities in less-controlled, larger rooms and greenhouse-type structures, giving ABcann the ability to produce pharmaceutical-grade, plant-based medicine that can be prescribed with confidence.

Stay Connected

For further information about ABcann Global and our management team, please visit: http://www.abcannglobal.com or contact Aaron Keay ((604) 323-6911 or aaron@abcannglobal.com) or Leo Karabelas ((416) 543-3120 or leo.k@abcannglobal.com).

About Cannabis Wheaton Income Corp. (TSX VENTURE: CBW)

Backed by a team of industry experts, Cannabis Wheaton is the first cannabis streaming company in the world. Our streams will include production from across Canada coming from our partners comprised of licensed producers of cannabis (LP) and LP applicants. Cannabis Wheaton’s mandate is to facilitate real growth for our streaming partners by providing them with financial support and sharing our collective industry experience.

Stay Connected

For more information about Cannabis Wheaton and our management team, please visit: http://www.cannabiswheaton.com, or follow us on Twitter @CannabisWheaton. Call: 1-604 687 7130 Email: Mario@skanderbegcapital.comhttp://www.skanderbegcapital.com.

Forward-Looking Information

This news release contains certain “forward-looking information” within the meaning of applicable Canadian securities law. Forward-looking information is frequently characterized by words such as “plan”, “continue”, “expect”, “project”, “intend”, “believe”, “anticipate”, “estimate”, “may”, “will”, “potential”, “proposed” and other similar words, or information that certain events or conditions “may” or “will” occur. This information is only a prediction. Various assumptions were used in drawing the conclusions or making the projections contained in the forward-looking information throughout this news release. Forward-looking information includes, but is not limited to: the ability to generate revenue through the streaming agreements, the ability to consummate transactions which are currently in discussions, requirements to obtain additional financing, timeliness of government approvals for granting of permits and licences, including licences to cultivate cannabis, completion of the facilities, where applicable, actual operating performance of the facilities, regulatory or political change, competition and other risks affecting the Company in particular and the medical cannabis industry generally. Forward-looking information is based on the opinions and estimates of management at the date the information is made, and is subject to a variety of risks and uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those projected in the forward-looking information. Neither ABcann nor CW are under any obligation, and expressly disclaims any intention or obligation, to update or revise any forward -looking information, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as expressly required by applicable law.

Neither TSX Venture Exchange nor its Regulation Services Provider (as that term is defined in the policies of the TSX Venture Exchange) accepts responsibility for the adequacy or accuracy of this release.

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Published at Tue, 30 May 2017 16:50:49 +0000

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